History of Abolition

1801 - Haitian Constitution Article 3

https://thelouvertureproject.org/index.php?title=Haitian_Constitution_of_1801_(English)
 

1805 - Haiti via Constitutional Amendment

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/07/12/haiti-was-first-nation-permanently-ban-slavery/

Article 1 Section 2

https://thelouvertureproject.org/index.php?title=Haitian_Constitution_of_1805

1822 - Dominican Republic - Haiti occupied the Dominican Republic and abolished slavery because slavery was abolished in the Haitian constitution. 

https://dominicantoday.com/dr/local/2022/02/08/dominican-republic-remembers-the-occupation-that-ended-slavery-200-years-ago/


Journal of Negro History: https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/2713719.pdf

1823 - Chile

Libertad de Vientres (Freedom of the Wombs)

https://www.archivonacional.gob.cl/la-abolicion-de-la-esclavitud-en-chile


1824 - Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, Belize, Nicaragua & Costa Rica 

CONSTITUCION DE LA REPUBLICA FEDERAL DE CENTROAMERICA

https://archivos.juridicas.unam.mx/www/bjv/libros/4/1541/9.pdf

Seccion 2

Articulo 13

Artículo 13. Todo hombre es libre en la República. No puede ser esclavo el que se acoja a sus leyes, ni ciudadano el que trafique en esclavos.



 

1826 - Bolivia 

https://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra-visor/constitucion-del-estado-del-19-de-noviembre-de-1826/html/6f240562-0c16-4f70-81af-3a115470d05c_2.html

Capítulo 2 De los bolivianos

Artículo 11°.- Son bolivianos: 

Todos los que hasta el día han sido esclavos y por lo mismo quedarán de derecho libres, en el acto de publicarse la Constitucion; pero no podrán abandonar la casa de sus antiguos señores, sino en la forma que una ley especial lo determine.

 

1829 - Mexico via Vicente Guerrero’s act:

1°. Queda abolida la esclavitud en la República. 

2°. Son por consiguiente libres los que hasta hoy se habían considerado como esclavos. 

3°. Cuando las circunstancias del Erario lo permitan, se indemnizará a los propietarios de los esclavos, en los términos que dispusieren las leyes.

1833 - Belize, Jamaica, Bahamas, Montserrat, Dominique, Saint-Kitts Nevis, Antigua Barbuda, Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana

Slavery Abolition Act 1833: 

https://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1833/act/73/enacted/en/print.html

 

https://www.fsmei.org/abolition

1838 - Nicaragua 

http://legislacion.asamblea.gob.ni/normaweb.nsf/b92aaea87dac762406257265005d21f7/91809802eec04ea5062572a50078ea52?OpenDocument

 

Art. 26 Todo hombre es libre en el Estado, i nadie puede venderse ni ser vendido

1842 - Uruguay, Paraguay

Abolición de la Esclavitud en Uruguay

https://uruguayeduca.anep.edu.uy/efemerides/1325
 

https://www.teledoce.com/telemundo/sociedad/una-historia-silenciada-la-vida-de-los-esclavos-que-llegaron-a-uruguay-en-el-siglo-xviii/

1848 - Denmark colonies

Governor General Peter von Scholten is forced to abolish slavery after a major uprising of forcibily enslaved people in St. Croix.

https://www.virgin-islands-history.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Emancipationsplakat.jpg


https://en.natmus.dk/historical-knowledge/historical-themes/danish-colonies/the-danish-west-indies/the-abolition-of-slavery/

https://www.virgin-islands-history.org/en/history/slavery/the-emancipation-of-the-enslaved-in-1848/#&gid=null&pid=1


Governor of Martinique abolishes slavery

1848 - French Guyana, Guadelupe, Martinique

 

https://www.hotel-de-la-marine.paris/en/The-Hotel-de-la-Marine/What-took-place-at-the-Hotel-de-la-Marine/abolition-slavery

 

https://www.chateauversailles.fr/sites/default/files/presse/documents/ressource-pedagogique_commentaire-abolition_esclavage.pdf

 

http://grial4.usal.es/MIH/1848revolutionFrance/en/resource3.html

1850 - Abolition of Slave trade in Brazil

https://brasilescola.uol.com.br/historiab/lei-eusebio-de-queiros.htm
 

1851 - Nueva Granada (Colombia & Panama)

 

https://www.funcionpublica.gov.co/eva/gestornormativo/norma.php?i=12623

 

https://projusticiaydesarrollo.com/2018/02/18/jose-hilario-lopez-el-libertador-de-los-esclavos/
 

1853 - Argentina

https://wipolex-res.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/ar/ar075en.pdf
 

Part 1

https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:UoV5bIHEXa0J:https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Argentina_1994.pdf%3Flang%3Den&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari#7
 

Article 15

In the Argentine Nation there are no slaves; the few that exist today are free from the

promulgation of this Constitution; and a special law shall regulate the indemnication

arising from this declaration. Any contract of purchase and sale of persons is a crime for

which those performing it, and the notary or of cial approving it, shall be responsible.

And slaves, by whatever manner they may be introduced, shall be free by the mere act

of setting foot in the territory of the Republic.

 

1854 - Venezuela

Presidente General José Gregorio Monagas pass a law that abolishes esclavitud in Venezuela

 

https://bibliofep.fundacionempresaspolar.org/dhv/entradas/l/ley-de-abolicion-de-la-esclavitud/

 

https://biblat.unam.mx/hevila/BoletindelaAcademiaNacionaldelaHistoriaCaracas/2006/vol89/no356/4.pdf

 

http://www.unellez.edu.ve/noticias/index.php?idCont=4901

 

1855 - Peru

 

https://repositorio.pucp.edu.pe/index/handle/123456789/173299

 

www.fsemi.org/peru

 

1863 - Curacao

1863 - Surinam

 

Emancipation Act July 1, 1863

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/10/Afschaffing_van_de_Slavernij_NL-HaNA_2.02.04_1383B_01.jpg/800px-Afschaffing_van_de_Slavernij_NL-HaNA_2.02.04_1383B_01.jpg

https://www.curacaohistory.com/1863-the-abolition-of-slavery


1865 - US Constitution 13th Amendment 

https://www.archives.gov/milestone-documents/13th-amendment

1873 - Puerto Rico

https://enciclopediapr.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Diez-Mandamientos-de-los-Hombres-Libres-768x840.png

https://enciclopediapr.org/content/abolicion-de-la-esclavitud-1873/

Text - https://ventanasur.wordpress.com/2011/04/08/los-diez-mandamientos-de-los-hombres-libres-i867/
 

1886 - Cuba

https://www.pcc.cu/noticias/el-7-de-octubre-en-la-historia-de-cuba
 

https://www.boe.es/biblioteca_juridica/abrir_pdf.php?id=PUB-DH-2017-17

 

1888 - Brazil

https://static.todamateria.com.br/upload/13/de/13demaio-cke.jpg
 

https://www.todamateria.com.br/lei-aurea/
 

A Princesa Imperial Regente, em nome de Sua Majestade o Imperador, o Senhor D. Pedro II, faz saber a todos os súditos do Império que a Assembléia Geral decretou e ela sancionou a lei seguinte:

Art. 1°: É declarada extincta desde a data desta lei a escravidão no Brasil.

Art. 2°: Revogam-se as disposições em contrário.”


https://kottke.org/15/01/a-timeline-of-the-abolition-of-slavery-in-the-americas
 

http://atlas-caraibe.certic.unicaen.fr/en/page-117.html


https://memorial.nantes.fr/en/key-dates-in-the-chronology-of-abolitions/


https://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1665-44202013000100001


Research: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0144039X.2022.2122814